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Research in Geographic Education is an international peer-reviewed journal of research published in the Spring and Fall by the Gilbert M. Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education at Texas State University - San Marcos. The journal board is interested in receiving research manuscripts in geographic education or closely related areas, including but not limited to:


  • spatial cognition
  • map learning
  • learning theory
  • curriculum
  • gender issues
  • distance learning
  • non-traditional learning
  • environmental psychology
  • environmental education
  • cross-cultural spatial learning
  • teaching methodologies
Submit manuscripts electronically to Joann Zadrozny ( The editor(s) and at least two external reviewers review each manuscript. Manuscripts accepted for publication must exemplify the highest standards of scholarship in geography or related fields. The final copy of the manuscript should be submitted electronically in MS Word as an attached document to Joann Zadrozny (

Manuscript submission should be as follows:

  • Title Page - including manuscript title, author(s) contact information, short biographical sketch, acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Manuscript Text
  • Notes - if appropriate
  • References
  • List of Tables
  • List of Figures

Manuscript Submission Guidelines


ETHICS. An author submitting a manuscript to Research in Geographic Education should not submit the same or a related manuscript elsewhere until our review process is completed. In accordance with copyright law, the manuscript must not duplicate substantial portions of previously published materials.


MANUSCRIPT. Manuscripts must be word processed, double-spaced, and in a 10-point, Times New Roman font on one side only of 8.5-inch by 11-inch (or A4) paper.  A 1-inch (2.5 cm) margin should be used throughout. Figures are not to be embedded in the text, but should be submitted as separate files. Tables should be included within the text. 


TITLE PAGE. The title page must include the paper’s title, and the author(s) name(s), affiliation, address, phone number, e-mail address, acknowledgements (if any), and a brief (2-3 sentences) biographical sketch. Do not include any identifying information anywhere else on the manuscript.


REFERENCES. The reference style followed for Research in Geographic Education is the APA Writing Style, 7th edition. List all references alphabetically by the author’s last name, then chronologically. Provide full, unabbreviated titles of books and periodicals, and write out acronyms in full. Please refer to the examples below provided by Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)



A Work by Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports...

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)


A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses.

(Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993)

In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

(Kernis et al., 1993)


Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.

Harris et al. (2001) argued...

(Harris et al., 2001)


Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source.

According to the American Psychological Association (2000),...

If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations.

First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000)
Second citation: (MADD, 2000)


Two or More Works in the Same Parentheses: When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list (viz., alphabetically), separated by a semi-colon.

(Berndt, 2002; Harlow, 1983)



Basic Form. APA style dictates that authors are named last name followed by initials; publication year goes between parentheses, followed by a period. The title of the article is in sentence-case, meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized. The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized. If a DOI has been assigned to the article that you are using, you should include this after the page numbers for the article. If no DOI has been assigned and you are accessing the periodical online, use the URL of the website from which you are retrieving the periodical. 

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Single Author. Last name first, followed by author initials.

Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.


Two Authors. List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and."

Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.


Three to Seven Authors. List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.


More Than Seven Authors. List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. 

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.


Organization as Author.

American Psychological Association. (2003).


Two or More Works by the Same Author. Use the author's name for all entries and list the entries by the year (earliest comes first).

Berndt, T. J. (1981).

Berndt, T. J. (1999).

When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation, as the first author of a group, list the one-author entries first.

Berndt, T. J. (1999). Friends' influence on students' adjustment to school. Educational Psychologist, 34, 15-28.

Berndt, T. J., & Keefe, K. (1995). Friends' influence on adolescents' adjustment to school. Child Development, 66, 1312-1329.


Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year. If you are using more than one reference by the same author (or the same group of authors listed in the same order) published in the same year, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter. Then assign letter suffixes to the year. Refer to these sources in your essay as they appear in your reference list, e.g.: "Berdnt (1981a) makes similar claims..."

Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology, 17, 408-416.

Berndt, T. J. (1981b). Effects of friendship on prosocial intentions and behavior. Child Development, 52, 636-643.


Basic Format for Books

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Note: For "Location," you should always list the city and the state using the two letter postal abbreviation without periods (New York, NY).

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Dissertation, Published

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number)


Dissertation, Unpublished

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.


Government Document

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Conference Proceedings

Schnase, J. L., & Cunnius, E. L. (Eds.). (1995). Proceedings from CSCL '95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


NOTES. Substantive notes may be inserted to amplify arguments in the text. Please keep notes to a minimum. They should be brief and address a single point in the manuscript. Notes should be numbered sequentially in the text and will appear under the heading “NOTES” at the end of the text, before the references. They should be word processed, double-spaced, in the same font size as the text. Please do not include them as endnotes in your manuscript


TABLES. Tables should be referenced and discussed in the text. Each table should have a descriptive title as well as informational column headings. On a separate page following references, please include a “LIST OF TABLES”.


ILLUSTRATIONS. Maps, graphs, and photographs should convey ideas efficiently and elegantly. Graphics should be legible, clean, and clearly referenced as figures. Sound principles of design should be employed in the construction of graphic materials, and the results should be visually interesting and tastefully executed. Submit camera-ready illustrations as separate files in jpg, gif, tiff, or a similar file format. Please do not embed them in the text or in a document file. On a separate page following the List of Tables, please include a “LIST OF FIGURES”.


PERMISSIONS. If your manuscript uses previously published material of substantial length, it is the author’s responsibility to obtain written permission from the holder of the copyright and to bear all costs for the right to use copyright materials. The copyright for all information published in Research in Geographic Education is held by the Gilbert M. Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, Texas State University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, Texas 78666, USA.